Euphorbia hirta. দুধিয়া

Traditionally used for:

  • Gynecological disorders.
  • Respiratory disorders, cough, chronic bronchitis, and asthma. 
  • Worm infestation in children.
  • Dysentery.
  • Jaundice.
  • Pimples.
  • Gonorrhea.
  • Digestive problems and
  • Tumors. 

It is known to contain:

  • Alkanes.
  • Triterpenes.
  • Phytosterols.
  • Tannins.
  • Polyphenols and
  • Flavonoids. 
  • Antioxidant.
  • Antimalarial.
  • Antibacterial.
  • Quercitrin & Myricitrin have been isolated from the methanolic extract of milk. 
  • Chemical investigations of Hirta resulted in dissociation of Rutin, Quercetin, Euphorbin-A, Euphorbin-B, Euphorbin-C, Euphorbin-D, 2,4,6-tri-o-gallol-β-d-glucose, 1,3,4,6-tetra-o-gallol-β-d-glucose, camphor, gallic acid, and protocachuic acid.Dudhia β-amyrin , methylenecycloartenol ,cytosterol , heptacosen , nonacosen.
  • It contains citric acid, tinotoxin choline , camphol and quercetil derivatives which are rhamnose and chtigurelic acid.


  1. Sunil kumar, Rashmi Malhotra, Dinesh Kumar;Euphorbia hirta: Its chemistry, traditional and medicinal uses, and pharmacological activities;NIH

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